Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu, age 60 years, graduated form a basic nursing program at National Medical University of Mongolia. Later, she received graduate diploma in nursing management, public health education, and advanced nursing certificates from Russian University, Loma Linda University, Chulalongkorn University, and Chiengmai University, respectively. She received her Masters’ Degree form National University of Mongolia. She is currently the Director of Sainshand Medical College, the medical and nursing institution in Dornogobi Aimag (Eastern Gobi Province) located in an arid, rocky landscape area, where it is difficult for living and delivering health care.
Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu has greatly contributed to the development of nursing education in Mongolia. She has been working as a nursing educator at The Dornogobi College of Nursing, and jointly teach, conduct researches and use the same laboratory rooms with Sainshand Medical College in educating physician and nurses to serve Mongolian health care delivery system. Under the leadership of Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu, teaching-learning in nursing college has been remarkably improved.
Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu has successfully sought supports financially form international community to improve the nursing laboratory rooms, recognized as the heart of nursing school, to match the international standard. Currently, this laboratory is the best one in the country fully equipped with all necessary equipments and material for teaching-learning of an individual student and in group. Very interestingly, one corner of this lab simulated a nursing unit where students are able to provide actual, specialized and rehabilitating care for their clients.
In addition, with the efforts of Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu and her colleagues, the 2 year basic nursing program has upgraded to be the 4 year program leading to a Bachelor Degree of Nursing. She was also able to advance nursing education program at her school to offer the Master’s Degree and Doctor’s Degree of Nursing. As of now, the Dornogobi College of Nursing has been recognized as one of the best school in Mongolia, accommodated 530 nursing students each year. Moreover, 95 to 100 per cent of new graduates form this school are able pass the state board exam in their first attempts.
As for continuing education, under the leadership of Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu, Dornogobi College of Nursing is a leading institution that Mongolian nursing educators from all regions can update their knowledge and teaching pedagogies including distance education using televisions and internet. The improvement of nursing curriculum, and teaching-learning technology as mentioned above has contributed to the effectiveness of nursing education system which in turn, contributed to the health of Mongolia people.
Similar to global community, Mongolia has faced nurse manpower shortage as the physician: nurse ratio was 1,200: 1. This situation has been the obstacles to the development of better health among Mongolian population. In the living conditions of an arid, rocky landscape area, nurses and midwives who are clinically expert in disease prevention and primary medical care are needed to deliver health care at home. Following the proposal of Mongolian Nursing Association to the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, three nursing colleges were established in different regions of Mongolia to educate more nurses. At the beginning of these new schools, Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu participated as mentor in curriculum development and its implementation.
Moreover, Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu has put much emphasis and efforts on the development of short course in-service training programs aiming to assist staff nurses in updating clinical knowledge in their specialization. She also exercised her leadership to develop Code of Ethics for Nurses which, then, had been approved and announced for implementation by the Ministry of Health. Her contribution had greatly increased the access to quality health care of Mongolian people, particularly the rural population.
Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu joined the group of Mongolian Nurses in establishing Mongolian Nurses Association and, later, serving as member of executive board. In addition, she has served as Nurse Educator of Mongolia Education Committee. She has continuously initiated and stimulated professional development activities, particularly, nursing education and nursing personnel development in order to enhance nurses’ contribution to quality health care. With her entireness effort the status of nursing profession in Mongolia has changed to be an independence health profession instead of the former title, physician assistant. Moreover, Mongolian nurses are eligible to practice in the hospital and at home and receive wages that are synonymous to those of physicians.
Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu is a nurse academician and a practitioner who is always updating her knowledge by continuing conducting research, writing textbooks and manuals, on “Nursing technology” “Attitude of Nurses” and “Public Health Nursing”, published and widely use as a textbook in nursing education institutions up until now. She has pushed “The Best Lecturer” and “The Best Nurse” Awards to be offered as models and encouraging the best practice of nurses. Interestingly, she also pushed for “The National Nurses Day”, when nurses around the country jointly participated in community services which have simultaneously improved professional image and health of Mongolian population.
Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu has been very active in women development activities, serving as a member of The Mongolian Women’s Organization form 1979. Currently, she is a head of The Rural Women Council Board. She has promoted the rural women’s health in providing healthy births by establishing prenatal facilities in every small town or “soum”.
In addition, she has organized anti-violence movements in order to stop violence against women and family violence, and regularly renders her personal help to the victims. Through her initiatives, the “Women’s Room” has been established to provide health counseling to women in the community. Every year, she organizes seminar and lead the community to dedicate a day to celebrate mothers on the “Day of Glorious Mothers”. This movement help the society recognizes the significant role of mothers and stimulates further women development in Mongolia.
Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu is the key contact for international collaboration. With her previous achievements, she has brought international support from leading nursing institutions aboard and international development agencies for community health and nursing professional development in Mongolia, and for sending junior faculty members for further education. This assistance has made impressive improvement of nursing profession.
Recognizing for her outstanding contribution in community and nursing professional development, Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu received “Order of Pole Star”, “Order of Red Banner of Labor”, and “Honored Teacher of Mongolia”.
For all of her commitment, effort, nationally and internationally accomplishments and leadership in the development of nursing education of health and welfare of women and general population of Mongolia, her vision, courage, and scholarship have distinguished Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu as an outstanding leader in nursing profession. Mrs.Damjin Nyamkhuu truely deserves the honor of being conferred with the Princess Srinagarindra Award for the year B.E.2549 [A.D.2006]